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Reasons for Crime/Criminal Law and Its Objectives

Criminal law is also known as the penal law. The term is used to give reference to various law bodies that cover a wide range of jurisdictions. The most common character of bodies dealing with crime is the fact that all the wings of criminal justice handle or punishes offenders for failure to comply with the rule of law. Punishment on criminal offenders usually depends on the level of the crime committed. There are various forms of crimes that are punishable by law. Examples include theft of property, murder, sexual offenses, and robbery among others. A criminal attorney usually works to defend offenders to such crimes against possible punishment by the law.

It is important to know that those acts that are forbidden by the law do not follow a consistent rule with distinctive criminal codes. Sometimes the lines to such criminal acts and possible punishment can be very unclear. One act of murder can be interpreted by law in different ways which can even mean that the accused might go free or be given less punishment as would be expected if the case was differently interpreted. Most often, the government is the one to enforce criminal laws. Criminal laws are different in this regard with civil law since the later can be implemented by legal private parties.

Criminal law usually cover very broad areas of the government practices in order to ensure that that law is upheld, to prevent criminal acts as well as to give a fair retribution in cases of committed crimes to the† offenders.

Criminal justice system has three operational parts. These are:

  • The law enforcement
  • Adjudication
  • Corrections

†All these three parts are very important and none of them should be excluded when dealing with criminal matters. The three are helping in how the government and the society instill safety measures. Whether the three are correctly handled in the process of dealing with criminal cases will determine how safe a society becomes. Otherwise there is little help to the society itself. There are two things to consider when dealing with criminal law cases.† One side is the failing to cooperate with the regulations of the criminal law and the other is to do with the uniqueness of the kind of outcomes that a criminal act promotes. Each and every offense has in itself the consideration of what various jurisdictions can impose as the reasonable punishment or resolutions.

Sometimes, outcomes can be physical and at times there can be emotional. The kind of outcome that a crime causes is what may determine the jurisdiction to apply. Some of the crimes that are forbidden call for severe dealings than others. The kind of punishment enforced whenever a crime has been committed will be dependent on the jurisdiction and the level of the crimes. Depending on the jurisdiction, offenders can be locked in different kinds of conditions. There are some who could be imprisoned in solitary places. There are some crimes that only call for a daysí imprisonment while others can even mean that the offender is locked in jail throughout their lifetime.

Sometimes, as a result of a criminal offense, the government can order for confiscation of the properties or finances of offenders. Furthermore, the individual offenders might be forced to go according to some specialized rules being part of the kind of probation order.

When thinking about punishing offenders, there are a range of acceptable objectives which are accordingly helping to enforce criminal law which attorneys can actually work to defend those law breakers against. These include retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, restitution as well as rehabilitation. Jurisdiction will differ depending on the value that is placed on either of these objectives.

Criminal law enforcement objectives

Retribution: Here, offenders must be taken through some kind of punishment that inflicts suffering. Most often, this is the kind of object that is most common with several criminal cases where the accused offender is found to be guilty of the crime that they are accused off. In this case, the offenders are usually considered to have played an upper hand role in causing some kind of unfair detriment to others. At the same time, attorneys are also said to try to put the offenders in some kind of unpleasing disadvantages. This way the case will somehow find some balance. Those individuals who are found guilty are expected to either surrender to the requirements of the law so that they can gain the rights to live or else they get killed. In case the individuals are found to have flouted the law, they will be expected to give up their rights that are given to them by the laws. In this way therefore that individual who killed may also get killed.

Rehabilitation: this is normally used by courts and attorneys to try and transform criminals. The criminals are locked in a rehabilitation center so that somehow a way is found that can help them get some useful way to correct their habits. The criminals in this case are subjected to situations that can help them to realize their offenses and be able to possibly change their behaviors.† The main reason is to convince the criminals that they were actually wrong and that they need to be different. This is helpful in prevent future crimes.

Incapacitation: In this case, offenders are usually taken away from the society. If the government considers the offender to be a threat to the society, the life of such offender can be terminated. This is simply capital punishment.

Restitution: This is where the offenders are forced by the law to pay back what they have either misappropriated or somehow stolen. The main intension here is to apply the states law and authority to help fix what had been damaged by the offenders.

Deterrence: This is usually applied under specific criminal cases. The intension is majorly to impose some kind of punishment which is meant to ensure that the offense is totally discouraged. The offenders face punishments that discourage them from committing crimes or similar crimes in future.

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